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"History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted all other alternatives"

Abba Eban
"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

The Report of the U.N. Brundtland Commission, Our Common Future, 1987
"If there are to be problems, may they come during my life-time so that I can resolve them and give my children the chance of a good life."

Kenyan proverb
JOIN US IN RIO!
INVITED LECTURES
Could waste to energy help to close the loop?
Wed / 31.01. @ 11:30
The world is facing ever increasing amounts of waste, which impairs public health and pollutes the environment. More than half the world’s population does not have access to regular waste collection, while some of the waste management practices are inadequate. Each year, nations around the globe generate 1.3 billion tonnes of waste, the figure which is expected to rise to 4 billion tonnes by 2100. Among the biggest waste producers in the world are the United States, China, Brazil, Japan and Germany. Furthermore, the United Nations Environment Program predicts that the amount of waste will probably double in lower-income African and Asian cities because of population growth, urbanization and rising consumption. The steady increase in solid waste quantities, especially packaging waste in which plastic waste makes most of it, is a direct consequence of economic growth, where product disposal after use is neglected. This is particularly pronounced in a "flood" of cheap but non-durable products on the market. Consequences are significant, and the problem of solid waste is recognized as a priority environmental problem all around the world. The European Union is strongly pushing the agenda of circular economy in which promotes recycling and recovery of waste as an imperative in waste management. Along with favoring the environment such new paradigm is consequence of the need to extract useful raw materials from waste streams (still one-third of plastic waste ends up on EU landfills). Despite the high recycling targets for near future in the EU, not all the waste can be favorably recycled due to technical, economic or environmental reasons. One way of dealing with waste is incineration, which if done properly can be used to recover energy from it. Also by thermally treating the waste, potentially harmful and/or toxic substances are removed from the material recovery flow to avoid inclusion of these dangerous components into material (e.g. intended for use in food chains). Apart from energy, different types of energy vectors and chemicals can be produced from various sorts of waste and waste materials using different technologies, like refuse derived fuels, transport fuels, synthetic gas, biomethane, monomers, etc. Finally, the presentation will try to address a central issue: Is there a place for energy recovery of waste in the circular economy paradigm? or Can recycling and incineration coexist?

Prof. Daniel Rolph Schneider
FSB, University of Zagreb
Zagreb, Croatia



Dr. sc. Daniel Rolph Schneider is full professor at the Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment at University of Zagreb-Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and naval Architecture where he has been working from 1993. He was the Assistant Minister at the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the Republic of Croatia in the Directorate for Environmental Management, from 2007 to 2009. From 2004 to 2007 he worked at the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of Republic of Croatia. His field of work includes energy conversion technologies, waste management and waste-to- energy systems, renewable energy, and climate change. In his present position as a university researcher he has more than 24 years of professional experience in the energy and environment sector.

MEASURING SUSTAINABILITY, METRICS AND METROLOGY
Tue / 30.01. @ 11:30
Increasingly concerns about social, economic and environmental conflicts demand metrics to evaluate their consequences helping avoid or mitigate their negative impacts. The basic concept of sustainable development involves these three interdependent spheres: economic, environmental and socio-political proposing that the solutions preserve the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. Quantitative accounting of these impacts requires tracking indicators from organizations, government, and individuals that reveal the path to sustainable development footprints. Sustainable development can be regarded as the path to achieve sustainability. Thus, sustainability is associated to multidimensional complex systems, and, today, there is no standard methodology in choosing the required indicators or in standardized methods capable to analyze the results and to achieve acceptance of perceived successes. There are various suggested ways of to achieve this objective. This lecture presents a theoretical framework that suggests a possible path to advance the understanding of quantitative sustainability. We discuss perspectives of adopting procedures of metrology into sustainability assessments and use established rules to aggregate commensurable indicators into a single composite sustainability indicator. We discuss the following features: (a) proper definition of the system; (b) consider specific subsystems or dimensions; (c) construct the composite indicator; (d) the choice of the appropriated metrics according to their ability to distinguish specific states of the system in relation to a predefined reference state; (e) use statistical methods to: (i) estimate uncertainties; (ii) use uncertainties to asses impacts of variations in the indicators on the output of the system (sensitivity analysis); (iii) use uncertainties and sensitivity analysis to assess the robustness of the model used to represent the sustainability system. This model framework applied to analyze the six BRICS´countries sustainability of a biofuel supply chain and their rank of sustainable competitiveness.

Prof. Humberto Brandi
Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia
Duque de caxias, Brazil



Humberto Brandi has received his BSc and MSc degrees in Physics, from the Pontíficia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-RIO), in 1967, Ph.D. degree in Physics, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in 1971. He presently is, Director of Scientific Metrology and Technology of Inmetro, (09/2016). He is author of more than 140 scientific publications. In the last ten years he gave 129 invited conferences/lectures in Metrology, Innovation and Sustainability. His present interests are in, Metrology, Sustainability, Metrics for Sustainability, Quality Infrastructure and Innovation. Among the distinctions he has received the, Medal of the Order of National Scientific Merit (1998), Grã - Cruz of the National Scientific Merit (2008) from the President of Brazil, Brazilian Physical Society Recognition Award (2005 e 2010), IBM do Brasil Education Award (1991), and is member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (1996).

Fear of Change
Mon / 29.01. @ 11:00
The transition of energy systems towards becoming completely based on renewable energy resources is absolutely not a new topic. Ways to go that way do exist for many regions, countries, and even continents. Advantages fo going these ways are clear. And the advantages are leading far beyond of avoiding climate change and global warming. Apart from few countries whose prosparity is based on export of carbon based fuels most also would benefit from this transition. Nevertheless, resistance towards the transition towards renwables is growing. Persistant forces are growing and discussions are getting harder. The presentation will touch the following topics: What is the difference between solving the ozon hole problem and the global warming problem? Why do politicians talk about the necessity of energy transition and even know details and necessities on the way to go for but are acting in contrary to their talks? Why is coupling of energy sectors of big importants but regulation is hindering its implementation. As the author konws best the German case of Energy Transition most examples are dealing with this part of the world. But outlooks to other countries - also Brasil - are provided, too.

Prof. Ingo Stadler
TH Köln
Cologne, Germany



Dr. Stadler is managing director of the Cologne Institute for Renewable Energy CIRE of TH Köln. Within in the institute he covers the areas of renewable energies and energy economics. Dr. Stadler is working since many years with the topic of electricity supply systems with high fractions of renewable energies. Among others he investigates demand response activities and non-electric energy storage devices in order to decouple electricity generation and consumption.


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SDEWES INDEX
Benchmarking the performance of cities across energy, water and environment systems
related metrics presents an opportunity to trigger policy learning, action, and cooperation to bring cities closer to sustainable development.